Macro Photography takes photographs of small things very closely. It is among the most beautiful and popular types of photography. Macro pictures reveal the minute details (beautiful patterns and textures) of the subject, which can not be seen with the naked eye. Macro photography let the photographers to see completely different part of the subject. It is quite difficult than other types of photography as it involves lightening, nifty equipment and other techniques. Macro photography yields worthwhile and unique results as it emphasis on pattern, details and texture.
A single-lens reflex camera that has a 1:1 range should be used to do macro photography. The size of image on the negative will be like the actual size of the subject. Always use a good quality tripod to avoid camera shake. You will get a sharper image by using tripod. While doing Macro photography, you should avoid using Auto Focus setting as manual focus gives you a better result. To get the composition perfect, you should take your time and keep the background clean as lot of busyness in background is distracting.
You can keep the background pure white (to emphasize cleanliness) or pure black (to enhance bold colour). Flash is often necessary in macro photography as shadows are the enemy of photographer. Always try to shoot in bright light and make sure that shadow doesn’t cast over the subject. Magnification frequently decreases the depth of field so use the largest F value or aperture to increase the depth of field as much as possible. Last but not least, always keep safe distance from insects.